Category Archives: তথ্যপ্রযুক্তি

Dhaka moves to fight Dengu

Mizan Rahman/ Gulf Times September 3, 2012

Although outbreak of dengue fever has triggered national concern in India and two Southeast Asian countries, Bangladesh has developed, in view of its bitter experience in 2000, a disaster management system to tackle it.

Dengue fever may develop in Dhaka city and elsewhere anytime in the current or next month. But experts, however, think that it will not take a serious turn as it did in the previous year.

At least 225 people have so far been identified with dengue fever this year and two patients died in Dhaka city as of  last month, according to official sources.

Last year, 93 persons died of dengue and 5,551 persons were identified with the disease, according to the Directorate of Health Services (DHS). But unofficial sources say dengue claimed more than 150 lives last year.

Experts think that the people and the government are much more conscious about the dengue menace this year, and also feel the present environment is also not now favourable for Aedes mosquitoes, the carriers.
However, the risk of an outbreak of dengue will remain till the end of the rainy season, and may be prolonged until September, according to experts.

The Dhaka City Corp (DCC) medical officer, Dr Shahidur Rahman, who is in charge of mosquito control, said the country is facing risk of a dengue outbreak this year also as in neighbouring countries like India, Thailand and Singapore are witnessing epidemics that are 20% more severe this year than in the previous year.

Some 108 people have already died of dengue and over 50,000 have been afflicted by the disease in those countries, he mentioned, and added that the situation in Dhaka is still good as the weather is not in favour of the Aedes mosquitoes and because the DCC has taken extensive measures to check the mosquito population.

The almost daily rainfall in Dhaka city is not allowing the mosquito larvae enough time to mature. Larvae need five to six days to develop into mosquitoes, Dr Shahid said, adding that rain without adequate interruption was destroying the larvae.

Moreover, the DCC has undertaken a dengue surveillance project and formed a task force and a rapid action force. It is also conducting anti-Aedes drives in different parts of the city with the co-operation of different voluntary organisations.

Dr Shahid said the population density of mosquito larvae has decreased in  different parts of the city in the last few days.

Dr Nurul Islam, in-charge of the control room of the Directorate of Health Services, said a severe outbreak of dengue might not occur this year, as the disease is unlikely to take an epidemic form in two consecutive years.

“Those who are found with the fever develop anti-bodies to resist the disease for at least one year.”

Moreover, the Bangladeshis are now conscious about dengue, he added.

However, he did not rule out the possibility of an outbreak of the disease by the end of the current monsoon.

Dr A S M Alamgir, medical officer of the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), said the possibility of a dengue outbreak in Dhaka city would persist until the advent of winter.

He said that those who were attacked by any of the four types of dengue virus — Den-1, Den-2, Den-3 and Den-4 — may be afflicted by one of the remaining three types, though not by the previous one. In that case, the patient would suffer from dengue haemorrhagic fever, the worst form of the disease.

The other form of the disease, known as classical dengue, is almost like normal fever and is often curable without any major treatment.

Dr. Alamgir said only three to four suspected dengue patients are coming to the IEDCR for blood tests each day. Dengue germs have been detected this year in the blood of 40% of these few daily patients following tests at the laboratory of the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) at Mohakhali, he said.

The IEDCR, supported by the World Health Organisation (WHO), tests the blood of suspected dengue patients free of cost.

Dr Alamgir said that the IEDCR would be able to test the blood of many more patients and is ready to tackle the situation in case dengue breaks out in epidemic proportions this year.

He said the blood test for dengue fever is expensive. Private laboratories usually take about 800 taka for each test. He suggested that dengue patients should avail themselves of  free blood tests at the IEDRC.

Last year, the healthcare authorities of the Bangladesh government did very little to control dengue. The government has, however, mobilised resources and some manpower to deal with dengue cases this year.

Sources in the Communicable Diseases Control (CDC) of the Directorate of Health Services said the directorate gained some valuable experience in dealing with dengue last year and it will not be very difficult to deal with the disease if it breaks out this year.

The Bangladesh government has imparted training on dengue case management to 134 doctors and 45 professors of 13 government medical colleges, the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and the Dhaka Shishu Hospital. Doctors at district level were also trained.

Within the first week of the report of the dengue outbreak in 2000, the Disease Control Directorate initially arranged the imposition of WHO guidelines for case management and test-kits for dengue serology and established reporting portals and a set-up for the documentation of cases.

This effort was followed by training of doctors and orientation of specialists on dengue case management, formulation of national guidelines for Clinical Management of dengue syndrome by customisation of WHO guidelines and attaining a general consensus, entomological survey and initiation of clinical and virological documentations.


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Bangladesh cashes in Nam Summit with others

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday reiterated Bangladesh’s proposal for setting up a hydropower project with Nepal in joint venture.

She made the proposal again during her meeting with Nepalese Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai on the sidelines of the 16th Nam Summit in Tehran, reports BSS.

After the meeting, Press Secretary to the Prime Minister Abul Kalam Azad briefed reporters. During the meeting, he said, the two leaders discussed issues relating to bilateral interests.

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Hasina meets Ahmadinejad

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Hasina laid emphasis on regional cooperation in the greater interest of development of the region.

Earlier, Hasina expressed her interest in the joint venture hydropower project during her bilateral meeting with Bhattarai in November last year in the Maldives during the Saarc Summit.

During their meeting yesterday, the Nepalese prime minister sought Bangladesh investment in the Himalayan country either in the form of FDI or joint venture.

He also underscored the need for boosting trade relations between the two countries for mutual benefits.

Foreign Minister Dipu Moni was present at the meeting.

Supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ayatollah Ali Hoseini-Khamenei yesterday stressed the need for further expansion of bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Iran as Hasina called on him on the sidelines of the summit.

Khamenei emphasised that both the countries could work together in different international forums for common benefit.

After the meeting, PM’s Press Secretary Azad briefed reporters.

The Iranian supreme leader welcomed Hasina and her delegation, and thanked her for participating in the summit.

He highlighted the historical, cultural and religious links between the two brotherly countries, and lauded the role of Bangladesh in different international bodies such as the UN, Nam, OIC and D-8. He hoped that as the new chair of 120-nation Nam, Iran would be able to play an effective role for strengthening the solidarity among member states. He sought Bangladesh’s support in this regard.

In response, the prime minister called for greater unity among the Muslim countries, and hoped that the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) would take initiatives to solve problems within the Muslim nations through consultations. Thanking the Iranian leader, Hasina appreciated his speech at the inaugural session of the summit.

She assured him of Bangladesh’s full support to Iran during the chairmanship of Nam over the next three years.

Hasina recalled that in the month of August, Bangladesh’s Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had been assassinated. Khamenei particularly offered his prayers for the eternal peace of Bangabandhu’s departed soul.

The prime minister was accompanied by Dipu Moni, Ambassador at Large M Ziauddin, Foreign Secretary Mijarul Quayes and Bangladesh Ambassador to Iran Khondker Abdus Sattar.


The prime minister yesterday chaired a session of the general discussion at the summit.

Bangladesh has been elected as one of the vice-chairs of the 16th Nam Summit. In this capacity, Hasina presided over the session previous to the closing session of the summit.

UNB adds: Wrapping up her four-day tour, Hasina is scheduled to land at Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka around 6:30 pm (Bangladesh time) today.

During the visit, the prime minister delivered her speech at the plenary session of the summit on the opening day. Besides, she had talks on the sidelines with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa.

The two-day main summit of the Nam started on Thursday at the OIC Convention Centre in Tehran and ended yesterday adopting the Tehran Declaration.


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US envoy Mozena meets Muhith, discusses Yunus, TICFA

Dhaka, Aug 13 (

The Finance Minister has apparently reassured the US envoy on Monday that Grameen Bank would get a ‘strong’ and ‘internationally recognised’ managing director.

US Ambassador Dan Mozena and Abul Maal Abdul Muhith’s one-and-a-half-hour meeting also featured Padma Bridge and a bilateral framework agreement (TICFA) that the US has been pushing for.

মুহিতের কথায় ‘উদ্বেগ প্রশমন’ মজিনার

Mozena quoted the Minister saying ‘international standards would be followed in appointing the Grameen Bank Managing Director’, who will be filling rather large shoes as the new Grameen head would be replacing Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus.

The ‘unique governance structure’ of the bank and the power of its borrower-shareholders to appoint an MD would be retained, Muhith told the US envoy.

They discussed the issue as the US was ‘concerned’ over the matter, Mozena said.

The cabinet, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, on Aug 2 approved a draft of ‘Grameen Bank Ordinance (Amendment) 2012’ to change the legal provisions for appointing the Grameen Bank boss.

Former MD, Muhammad Yunus, who shared the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize with the bank, expressed his worries over the government’s ‘taking control of the Grameen Bank’.

Muhith and Mozena also discussed the World Bank’s withdrawal from the Padma bridge project where the lending agency was expected to provide $1.2 billion, which would have been the World Bank’s largest commitment ever.

The US would like to see Bangladesh do better in exporting information technology, leather goods, medicine and fish along with readymade garments, Mozena said.

He had once again made it clear last month that Bangladeshi products would not get duty-free access to the US market unless TICFA is signed.

Bangladesh Foreign Secretary Mijarul Quayes had said TICFA had not been signed as Washington had not been willing to negotiate the issue any further.

“There are some textual matters where the US side informed us that there was no scope for further negotiations,” he had told


Star Online Report

US Ambassador to Bangladesh Dan W Mozena on Monday conveyed to Finance Minister AMA Muhith his country’s concerns about the recent development on Grameen Bank.

After a two-hour meeting with the minister at the secretariat, the ambassador told reporters that he shared with Muhith about America’s concerns about some of the recent development centring the microlender.

He said they also talked about Nobel Peace Prize winning Grameen Bank and its importance for the development of Bangladesh.

“We agreed on the importance of sustaining the bank as strong and effective. We agreed on the importance of continuing the unique governance structures for the borrowers’ control of the bank,” Mozena said.

The ambassador said he discussed with the minister on the need for a strong, internationally recognised and credible new managing director of the lender.

“I was encouraged by the strong support from the minister to keep the bank strong and effective and to have a good, internationally recognised and credible new managing director,” he said.

The finance minister declined to talk to the press.

America is a strong supporter of Grameen Bank and Professor Muhammad Yunus, whose resignation from the bank last year has led to vacancy of the managing director post of the microcredit organisation.

The comments from the US ambassador come as the government amended the Grameen Bank Ordinance 1983, apparently to give more power to the chairman, always appointed by the government, to pick the managing director, sidelining the board of directors, majority of whom comprising of grassroots members of the bank.

On the much-talked Padma bridge project, Mozena said he still hopes a way could be found to proceed with the project with the World Bank financing.

“America has all along strongly supported the Padma bridge. We have been a strong supporter of the bridge,” he said.

The ambassador also said negotiations on the Trade and Investment Cooperation Framework Agreement (TICFA) are going on and the deal could be signed at some point.


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Three students arrested for posting distorted photos of Bangabandhu, Hasina on Facebook

Brahmanbaria, Aug 11 (

Police have arrested three students for posting ‘distorted’ pictures of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on the popular social networking website, Facebook.

Mrinal Chowdhury, Tushar Chowdhury and Shuvo Hasan are all higher secondary students of the Brahmanbaria Government College.

বঙ্গবন্ধু ও প্রধানমন্ত্রীর ছবি বিকৃতি, গ্রেপ্তার ৩

Brahmanbaria’s Superintendent of Police Jamil Ahmed told that the trio was arrested from the college’s hostel on Saturday.

“Cases have been filed against them under the Information and Communication Technology Act, 2006 and the pornography act.”

The police official, however, declined to provide any further details.


ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া, অগাস্ট ১১ (বিডিনিউজ টোয়েন্টিফোর ডটকম)- ফেসবুকে বঙ্গবন্ধু ও প্রধানমন্ত্রীর ছবি বিকৃত করার অভিযোগে ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়ায় তিন ছাত্রকে গ্রেপ্তার করেছে পুলিশ।

এরা হলেন- ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া সরকারি কলেজের উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক শ্রেণির ছাত্র মৃণাল চৌধুরী, তুষার চৌধুরী ও শুভ হাসান।

ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়ার পুলিশ সুপারিনটেনডেন্ট জামিল আহমেদ বিডিনিউজ টোয়েন্টিফোর ডটকমকে বলেন, ফেসবুকে বঙ্গবন্ধু ও প্রধানমন্ত্রীর ছবি বিকৃত করে প্রকাশ করার অভিযোগে কলেজ ছাত্রাবাস থেকে তাদের গ্রেপ্তার করা হয়।

“তাদের বিরুদ্ধে তথ্য ও যোগাযোগ প্রযুক্তি আইন ২০০৬ এবং পর্নোগ্রাফি আইনে মামলা করা হয়েছে,” বলেন জামিল আহমেদ।

তবে আর বিস্তারিত কিছু জানাননি তিনি।


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Santu Larma again warns of battle for indigenous rights

Dhaka University, Aug 9 (

Bangladeshi rulers will not recognise the rights of the hills people, indigenous community leader Santu Larma has said, calling his people to prepare to fight for them.

লড়াইয়ের প্রস্তুতি নিতে বললেন সন্তু লারমা

“This undemocratic, ultranationalist government cannot give the Adivasis their rights,” the former guerrilla leader said at an assembly at the Central Shaheed Minar to mark the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People on Thursday.

“Without a progressive and democratic government the repression and betrayal of the indigenous people will continue,” observed Santu, whose real name is Jyotirindra Bodhipriyo Larma.

He commented that the government was ‘undecided’ on the implementation of the 1997 Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord and accepting the basic rights of the hills people.

The CHT may go violent again, warns Santu Larma

“Rights must be achieved through struggle…and we must prepare for struggle and fight,” he added.

Santu made the remarks a day after warning that the Chittagong Hill Tracts may plunge again into violence and bloodshed any moment over problems plaguing the region.

“Man’s lifestyle changes. Confrontation and controversies in hills were once set to rest. It may start all over again,” he had said.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts was a hotbed for violence even two decades ago when indigenous people gathered under the banner of Shanti Bahini, an armed force, demanding autonomy.

The Bahini was dissolved following signing of Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord in 1997. Santu became Chairman of CHT Regional Council, a body formed in line with the accord.

The accord, one of the major points of which is the immediate settlement of land ownership, remains mostly unimplemented.

BSF stops 250 Chakmas fleeing to Tripura after violence
Santu, who is the president of the political party backing the peace accord, Parbatya Chattagram Jana Samhati Samiti (PCJSS), said the government was dubious in its efforts to give the indigenous people their basic rights.

Ruling coalition ally JaSaD President Hasanul Haque Inu said the government had engaged in a conflict with the indigenous people which would not bring any good.

“The indigenous people are being called small ethnic minority in the Constitution. This mistake must be amended,” he said.

Another partner Workers’ Party President Rashed Khan Menon said the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is celebrated by all states across the world.

“The ruling party leaders are usually seen walking in this rally wearing t-shirts, but this year they’re not here,” he said. “How did the indigenous people suddenly become ethnic minority?”

The government has taken the stance that there are no ‘indigenous people’ in the country, though their election manifesto promised rights to the same ‘indigenous people’.


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The CHT may go violent again, warns Santu Larma

Dhaka, Aug 8 (

Indigenous community leader Santu Larma on Wednesday warned the Chittagong Hill Tracts may plunge into violence and bloodshed any moment over problems plaguing the region.

“Man’s lifestyle changes. Confrontation and controversies in hills were once set to rest. It may start all over again,” said the former guerrilla leader.

15 PCJSS men kidnapped in Rangamati

He was speaking at a discussion organised by Chittagong Hill Tracts Regional Council and NGO Nijera Kori at CIRDAP auditorium, where discussants shared their ideas about settling land disputes in the hilly region.

His statement shed light on the brewing discontent among the tribal people as the government continues to deny existence of indigenous communities in Bangladesh.

Late last year, a frustrated Larma threatened to start an agitation to make operational the Chittagong Hill Tracts accord that ended decades of bloody bush war.

The Chittagong Hill Tracts used to be a tinderbox even two decades ago when indigenous people gathered under the banner of Shanti Bahini, an armed force, demanding autonomy.

The Bahini was dissolved following signing of Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord in 1997. Santu Larma, whose real name is Jyotirindra Bodhipriyo Larma, became Chairman of CHT Regional Council, a body formed in line with the accord.

The accord, one of the major points of which is the immediate settlement of land ownership, remains mostly unimplemented.

“Thousands of disputes over land ownership in the hills were created by the government,” alleged Larma as he demanded that the CHT Land Commission be strengthened.

Indigenous leaders want changes to some provisions of Land Commission law but Bengali settlers living in the hills are opposed to this.

National Human Rights Commission Chairman Mizanur Rahman doubts implementation of the peace accord at all if it does not happen in the current term of the Awami League-led government.

He announced his commission would carry out a census on indigenous people.

ঢাকা, আগস্ট ০৮ (বিডিনিউজ টোয়েন্টিফোর ডটকম)

পার্বত্যাঞ্চলের সমস্যার সমাধান না হলে ফের পরিস্থিতি অশান্ত হতে পারে বলে সরকারকে হুঁশিয়ার করেছেন পাহাড়ি নেতা জ্যোতিরিন্দ্র বোধিপ্রিয় লারমা (সন্তু লারমা)।

এক সময়ের এই গেরিলা নেতা বলেছেন, “মানুষের জীবনধারা পরিবর্তনশীল। পাহাড়ে একসময় সংঘাত ও বিতর্কের অবসান হয়েছে। কোনো দিন তার সূচনাও হতে পারে।”

পার্বত্যাঞ্চলে ভূমি বিরোধ নিয়ে বুধবার রাজধানীর সিরডাপ মিলনায়তনে পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম আঞ্চলিক পরিষদ ও নিজেরা করি আয়োজিত এক আলোচনা সভায় সন্তু লারমা একথা বলেন।

স্বায়ত্তশাসনের দাবিতে পাহাড়িদের সশস্ত্র সংগ্রামে দুই যুগ আগেও অশান্ত ছিল পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম। শান্তি বাহিনী নামে ওই সশস্ত্র বাহিনীর নেতৃত্বে ছিলেন সন্তু লারমা।

১৯৯৮ সালে শেখ হাসিনার সরকারের সঙ্গে পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম শান্তি চুক্তি করে অস্ত্র ছেড়ে স্বাভাবিক জীবনে ফেরে পাহাড়িরা। গঠিত হয় পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম আঞ্চলিক পরিষদ, যার চেয়ারম্যান হন সন্তু লারমা।

তবে ভূমি বিরোধসহ ওই চুক্তির সব ধারা এখনো বাস্তবায়িত হয়নি, যা নিয়ে অসন্তোষ রয়েছে সন্তু লারমা নেতৃত্বাধীন রাজনৈতিক সংগঠন পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম জনসংহতি সমিতির।

ভূমি বিরোধের জন্য সরকারকে দায়ী করে পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম আঞ্চলিক পরিষদের চেয়ারম্যান সন্তু লারমা বলেন, “পাহাড়ে ভূমি নিয়ে সৃষ্ট হাজার হাজার বিরোধ সরকার সৃষ্টি করেছে।”

ভূমি বিরোধ অবসানে শক্তিশালী ভূমি কমিশন গঠনের দাবি জানান জনসংহতি সমিতির সভাপতি।

বর্তমানে পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রামে ভূমি বিরোধ অবসানে একটি কমিশন কাজ করছে। তবে আইনের কিছু ধারা সংশোধনের দাবি তুলেছে জনসংহতি সমিতি। তবে এই ধারা সংশোধনে আপত্তি জানিয়ে আসছে পার্বত্যাঞ্চলে বসবাসরত বাঙালিদের সংগঠন সম-অধিকার আন্দোলন।

পার্বত্য শান্তি চুক্তির বাস্তবায়নের তাগিদ দিয়ে বাংলাদেশ মানবাধিকার কমিশনের চেয়ারম্যান মিজানুর রহমান বলেন, “মাননীয় প্রধানমন্ত্রীর আমলে চুক্তি বাস্তবায়ন যদি না হয়, অন্য দল আসলে কি সম্ভব? এই সরকারই শেষ ভরসা।”

পাহাড়ে এখনকার সন্ত্রাসী তৎপরতার জন্য শান্তিচুক্তিবিরোধী পাহাড়িদের সংগঠন ইউপিডিএফকে দায়ী করেন জনসংহতি সমিতির সভাপতি।

সন্তু লারমা বলেন, “ইউপিডিএফ সন্ত্রাসী সংগঠন। শাসকগোষ্ঠী এটি সৃষ্টি করেছে। সরকারের একটা অংশ যারা আমাদের বিরোধিতা করছে, তারাই এই সন্ত্রাসী সংগঠন সৃষ্টি করেছে। এই সংগঠনটি নিজ জাতের বিরোধী।”

সভায় পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম আঞ্চলিক কাউন্সিলের স্টাডি সমন্বয়ক শক্তিপদ ত্রিপুরা বলেন, “সরকার আদিবাসীদের প্রথাগত ভূমি আইন ও রীতিনীতিকে উপেক্ষা করে নানা ধরনের আইনকানুন তৈরি করছে। ফলে আদিবাসীরা তাদের ভূমি হারানোর আশঙ্কা করছেন।”

এই বক্তব্যের বিরোধিতা করে মানবাধিকার কমিশনের চেয়ারম্যান মিজানুর বলেন, “সরকার আদিবাসীদের প্রথাগত ভূমি আইন ও রীতিনীতি স্বীকার করছে না, কথাটি ঠিক নয়।”

“ভূমি কমিশনের আইনেও বলা হচ্ছে, প্রথাগত ও প্রচলিত আইনেই আদিবাসীদের ভূমির বিরোধ নিষ্পত্তি করা হবে,” বলেন তিনি।

মিজানুর রহমান বলেন, আদিবাসীদের বিভিন্ন প্রথা রয়েছে, তা রাষ্ট্র কর্তৃক স্বীকৃত। প্রথা আইনের শক্তিশালী অংশ। প্রথা ও আইনের মধ্যে তফাত দেখি না।

“প্রথাগত আইন লিপিবদ্ধ করা গেলে ভূমিকেন্দ্রিক যে কোনো সমস্যা ভবিষ্যতে দূর করা যেতে পারে,” বলেন তিনি।

মানবাধিকার কমিশনের পক্ষ থেকে ‘আদিবাসীদের প্রকৃত সংখ্যা গণনার উদ্যোগ নেওয়া হয়েছে বলেও জানান তিনি।

মানবাধিকার কমিশনের চেয়ারম্যান ‘আদিবাসী’ বললেও সরকার পাহাড়িদের আদিবাসী হিসেবে স্বীকৃতি দিতে নারাজ। সরকারের ভাষায়, তারা ক্ষুদ্র নৃগোষ্ঠী।

মিজানুর রহমান বলেন, “আদিবাসীকে আদিবাসী না বলা অন্যায়।”

সম্প্রতি ঢাকার বিভিন্ন দেয়ালে আদিবাসী শব্দের বদলে ‘ক্ষুদ্র নৃগোষ্ঠী’ লেখা সম্বলিত নানা রঙের পোস্টারের সমালোচনা করে তিনি বলেন, “টাকা ছড়িয়ে পোস্টার ছাপিয়ে এ বিষয়ে বিভ্রান্তি ছড়ানো হচ্ছে।”

এই পোস্টার প্রসঙ্গে ওয়ার্কার্স পার্টির সভাপতি রাশেদ খান মেনন বলেন, “নিরাপত্তা সংস্থা এসব করছে।”

“কেন যে এমন বিতর্কে জড়ানো হচ্ছে? কোনোই দরকার ছিল না। প্রধানমন্ত্রী থেকে শুরু করে সবাই আদিবাসী বলছে। হঠাৎ করে বদলে গেল কেন? আওয়ামী লীগের ইশতেহারেও আদিবাসী ছিল। কোন ঘটনায় আমরা পিছিয়ে গেলাম,” প্রশ্ন করেন এই সংসদ সদস্য।

সংবিধানের পঞ্চদশ সংশোধনে আদিবাসী স্বীকৃতি দাবি করেছিল জনজাতি গোষ্ঠীগুলো। সংবিধান সংশোধন কমিটির সদস্য মেননও সেই দাবি তুলেছিলেন। কিন্তু তা উপেক্ষিত হয়।


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Sex and university life: what we should keep in mind

Found this report on The Independent of the UK, I thought it matches the situation in ours, though not yet that spread. Hope it’d help you out.

Having sex is serious business, but lots of people don’t think clearly about it in the heat of the moment. It can affect your health – sometimes permanently – and even land you with a child you’re not prepared for, so it’s important to consider how to approach it during your time at university.

So, what’s different about sex at university/college?

Potentially, a lot. For starters, you might have not had sex yet – and there’s absolutely nothing wrong with that. Plenty of people haven’t when they get to university. Or you might not want to have sex yet – nothing wrong with wanting to wait, either.

However, at university you’re likely to meet lots of people you fancy and might want to date or have sex with. Most students tend to live away from their parents, so they won’t know if you bring someone home. University is usually the first chance people get to live independently, so it’s natural to want to do things you might not have been able to before. And drinking alcohol – which tends to be a popular past-time at university! – might also affect how you make your decisions about what you do and with whom.

Is it safe to sleep around?

Whether you are with a long-term partner or you’re with someone different every night, it’s important to remain safe by using some form of contraception. Sleeping with multiple partners can carry other risks, too – the risk that you’ll end up feeling emotionally confused or do things you’ll later regret. No one is judging you on your sexual choices, but ensure you’re fully informed of the risks and how to keep healthy.

What are the risks?

There is the risk that you or your partner could get pregnant – in this case, you’d need to decide whether you want to parent a child together or not. For most people, the risk of becoming a parent is a no-brainer, but sexually transmitted infections are a big concern too.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are on the rise among sexually active young people. HIV/AIDS is the most well-known and scariest STI, but there are also lots of other nasty things you could get.

Chlamydia will often cause no symptoms in both men and women, but left untreated for a long period of time, it can cause infertility. It can be easily treated once diagnosed, though.

Gonorrhoea (also known as ‘the clap’) can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and/or arthritis. Symptoms in men are more apparent, and it is estimated that nearly half of women who have the disease do not experience symptoms.

Syphilis is an STI that starts as an infected sore, and can be treated easily with antibiotics. However, if left untreated, it can lead to a stroke, paralysis, blindness or even death.

Pubic lice (or crabs) is probably one of the least harmful, but definitely unpleasant – these tiny (2mm long) insects can be spread through close body contact and even using a condom will not prevent them spreading. It is, however, treatable.

You could also contract herpes, which is a viral disease that will stay with you and break out recurrently for the rest of your life – it causes painful blisters on your genitals and can be spread to your sexual partners. No pressure, then!

That’s not even all – there are more STIs you can contract. All in all, no one would really want to expose themselves to the risk of contracting any STI – which is why you need to be informed about how to protect yourself.

How do I keep safe?

Predominantly, the only way you’re going to really ensure that you are protected from most of the risks of having sex is to use a condom. This will prevent the sperm from meeting the egg to cause pregnancy, but it will also stop any exchange of bodily fluid at all, which will lower the risk of contracting an STI.

You can get condoms for free from family planning centres, student unions, student-friendly bars and events, or Brook Advisory Centres. Or you can buy them from chemists, supermarkets, or from vending machines in pub, bar and nightclub toilets.

Make sure the box of condoms has the CE mark – this means that they’ve been tested to European safety standards. Condoms that don’t have the CE mark won’t meet these standards, so don’t put yourself at risk by using them.

We don’t want to use a condom

If your partner is pressuring you into not using a condom, perhaps you should consider finding a new partner – as this one is putting both your health and theirs at risk. However, if you’re in a long-term relationship, then perhaps other methods of contraception will be preferable. There are a variety of different forms of contraception available: The combined pill; the injection; the implant; the patch, and more. It might be worth seeing a sexual health advisor or your doctor for advice on what contraceptive method is right for you – if you’re forgetful, you don’t want the extra burden of having to remember to take tablets, for instance.

If you’re looking at alternatives to condoms, then bear in mind that other forms of contraception will not protect you from STIs as effectively – and some STIs can be spread even if you do use a condom.

What happens if we have an accident or I think I may have an STI?

It’s important to act quickly if a condom splits or if you’ve had unprotected sex. Emergency contraception (the morning-after pill) can be taken up to 72 hours after unprotected sex and should prevent a pregnancy. It is not to be considered as contraception for regular use, and if you are taking it for unprotected sex, you should still get tested for STIs as the pill cannot help prevent the spread of infection.


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